Second Grade

banner labeled second grade

Grade Level Expectations

Reading/Language Arts

  • Uses prior knowledge, illustrations, and text to make and confirm predictions.
  • Applies knowledge of beginning letters and spelling patterns in single and multi-syllable words as visual cues for decoding.
  • Uses a variety of structural cues to decode unfamiliar words.
  • Uses a variety of context clues to construct meaning (illustrations, diagrams, titles and headings, etc.).
  • Develops vocabulary by reading independently and listening to and discussing both familiar and challenging selections.
  • Summarizes information in texts including central idea, supporting details, connections between texts.
  • Selects materials to read for pleasure, as a group or independently.
  • Reads aloud with fluency and expression from developmentally appropriate material.
  • Reads informational texts for specific purposes.
  • Uses simple reference material (dictionary, index, glossary).
  • Generates ideas before writing on self-selected topics and assigned tasks.
  • Makes a plan before writing the first draft.
  • Writes legibly.
  • Uses one or more paragraphs to focus on separate ideas in writing and uses transition words when appropriate.
  • Revises writing to improve supporting details and word choice.
  • Spells frequently used words correctly.
  • Uses conventions of punctuation (periods, commas, question marks).
  • Capitalizes initial words of sentences, the pronoun "I", and proper nouns.
  • Writes for familiar occasions, audiences, and purposes.
  • Listens for information and pleasure.
  • Uses strategies to contribute to group conversations.
  • Uses oral communication to clarify understanding of a topic.


  • Reads, writes, identifies, and represents numbers through the thousands.
  • Counts by tens and hundreds through the thou-sands.
  • Identifies relationships between digits and their place value through the thousands.
  • Compares and orders multi-digit numbers through the thousands.
  • Develops quick recall of addition facts and related subtraction facts.
  • Adds and subtracts two-and three- digit whole numbers with fluency.
  • Solves problems with repeated addition.
  • Estimates solutions to two-and three- digit addition and subtraction problems.
  • Solves addition and subtraction problems that involve measurement and geometry.
  • Estimates, measures and compares objects using standard units, such as inches and centimeters.
  • Selects an appropriate measurement tool to compute lengths.
  • Skip counts by 2’s, 5’s, and 10’s through the thousands.
  • Classifies numbers as odd or even.
  • Generalizes numeric and non-numeric patterns using words and tables.
  • Describes and applies equality to solve problems, such as balancing situations.
  • Recognizes and states addition and subtraction rules.
  • Models part to whole relationships as a foundation to fractions.
  • Identifies time to the nearest hour and half hour
  • Identifies and counts money in cents up to $1 and dollars up to $100.
  • Measures weight/mass and capacity/volume of objects.
  • Knows appropriate units of measure and their abbreviations including cups (c), pints (pt), quarts (qt), gallons (gal), ounces (oz), pounds (lbs), grams (g), kilograms (kg), milliliters (ml), and liters (L).


  • Recognizes that the Earth is made up of many sizes and shapes of rocks.
  • Describes how soil is formed from small rocks and decaying material.
  • Classifies soil types based on color, texture, the ability to retain water and sup-port the growth of plants.
  • Compares and describes that changing patterns in nature repeat themselves such as weather conditions.
  • Investigates by observing and measuring the Sun’s energy directly and indirectly warms the water, land and air.
  • Investigates how water that is left in an open container, it will evaporate.
  • Investigates that air is all around us, and moving air is called wind.
  • States the importance of preparing for severe weather.
  • Observes and measures objects in terms of their properties, including repulsion of magnets.
  • Observes and describes water as a solid, liquid and a gas.
  • Investigates various pushes and pulls.
  • Demonstrates that magnets can be used to make some things move without touching them.
  • Distinguishes human body parts and their basic functions.
  • Observes and describes the major stages of the life cycles of plants and animals.
  • Investigates plants and animals have life cycles that vary for different organisms.
  • Uses a variety of tools to gather and analyze information from the world around them.

Social Studies

  • Utilizes the media center, technology, or other informational sources to locate information that provides answers to questions about a historical topic.
  • Recognizes that Native Americans were the first inhabitants in North America.
  • Explores ways the daily life of people living in Colonial America changed over time.
  • Discusses why immigration continues today.
  • Identifies terms and designations of time sequence.
  • Uses different types of maps (political, physical, and thematic) to identify map elements.
  • Labels on a map or globe the continents, oceans, Equator, Prime Meridian, North and South Pole.
  • Recognizes that people make choices because of limited resources.
  • Explains the personal benefits and costs involved in saving and spending.
  • Explains why people form governments.
  • Explains the consequences of an absence of rules and laws.
  • Defines and applies the characteristics of responsible citizenship.
  • Identifies ways citizens can make a positive contribution in their community.
  • Evaluates the contributions of various African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans, veterans, and women.
  • Identifies the Constitution as the document which established the structure, function, powers, and limits of American government.
  • Examines primary and secondary sources.