banner labeled kindergarten

Grade Level Expectations

Reading/Language Arts

  • Demonstrates book-handling skills.
  • Distinguishes letters from words.
  • Uses pictures to predict meaning.
  • Recognizes high-frequency words.
  • Recognizes that pictures, symbols, letters, and words have meaning.
  • Knows the names, shapes, and sounds of the alphabet in any order.
  • Attempts to read a familiar story.
  • Retells a story.
  • Selects materials to read for pleasure.
  • Recognizes basic elements of a story (setting, character, and plot).
  • Links personal experiences to a work of literature.
  • Generates a list of words and ideas related to a topic.
  • Writes left-to-right.
  • Writes independently, using letters and/or pictures.
  • Draws or writes to show what has been learned.
  • Knows the difference between the spoken and written word.
  • Gives personal information (name, age, address, telephone number).
  • Connects beginning letters to the sounds they represent.
  • Listens and responds to stories, directions and speakers.
  • Speaks clearly to express ideas and needs.
  • Reads aloud with fluency and expression from developmentally appropriate material.
  • Composes simple sentences and stories.


  • Represents quantities with numbers up to 20, verbally, in writing and with manipulatives.
  • Uses cardinal and ordinal numbers to solve problems by comparing, by ordering and by creating sets up to 20.
  • Solves word problems involving simple joining and separating situations.
  • Describes, sorts, and re-sorts objects using a variety of attributes such as shapes, sizes, and positions.
  • Identifies names, describes and sort basic two-dimensional shapes such as squares, triangles, circles, rectangles, hexagons, and trapezoids.
  • Identifies names, describes, and sorts three-dimensional shapes such as spheres, cubes, and cylinders.
  • Describes the real world with geometric shapes using appropriate vocabulary.
  • Uses basic shapes, spatial reasoning, and manipulatives to model objects in the real world to build more complex shapes.
  • Compares and order objects indirectly or directly using measurable attributes such as length, height, and weight.
  • Identifies and duplicates simple numeric and non-numeric repeating and growing patterns.
  • Demonstrates and understands the concept of time using identifiers such as morning, afternoon, day, week, month, year, before/after, and shorter/longer.


  • Explores how gravity pulls objects to-ward the ground.
  • Recognizes the repeating patterns of day and night.
  • Recognizes that the Sun can only be seen in the daytime.
  • Observes that sometimes the Moon can be seen at night and sometimes during the day.
  • Sorts objects by different properties like color, shape, form and texture.
  • Recognizes that materials can be changed by cutting, folding, bending and mixing.
  • Investigates that things move in many different ways.
  • Observes that objects can be far away or nearby.
  • Observes that things that make sound vibrate.
  • Investigates that things move in different ways.
  • Observes that a push or pull can change the way an object is moving
  • Explains that living things need food, water, shelter and space to survive.
  • Recognizes that some media portray animals and plants with characteristics that they do not have.
  • Observes plants and animals, describes how they are alike and how they are different in the way they look and things they do.
  • Uses the five senses (taste, touch, smell, hearing, sight) allow us to take in and respond to information in order to learn about our surroundings.
  • Learns by observing, recording and sharing ideas.

Social Studies

  • Compares children and families of today with those in the past.
  • Recognizes the importance of celebrations and national holidays as a way of remembering and honoring people, events, and our nation’s heritage.
  • Recognizes the importance of U.S. symbols.
  • Explains that calendars represent days of the week and months of the year.
  • Explains that maps and globes help to locate different places and that globes are a model of the Earth.
  • Identifies cardinal directions (north, south, east, and west).
  • Describes and gives examples of seasonal weather changes, and illustrate how weather affects people and the environment.
  • Describes different kinds of jobs that people do and the tools or equipment used.
  • Recognizes that United States currency comes in different forms.
  • Identifies the difference between basic needs and wants.
  • Explains the purpose and necessity of rules and laws at home, school, and community.
  • Demonstrates the characteristics of being a good citizen.
  • Demonstrates that conflicts among friends can be resolved in ways that are consistent with being a good citizen.
  • Describes fair ways for groups to make decisions.
  • Develops an understanding of how to use a timeline.
  • Develops an awareness of a primary source.